On the same day I published my Azure Newbie Notes post, which mentioned, among other things, the inability to set static IP address for VMs, things changed a bit. Then-new v0.7.3 of Windows Azure PowerShell added several cmdlets that allow handling of static internal IP addresses. This came without any official announcements, but was covered in several blog posts on TechNet. No doubt this is a must-have feature – many services just won’t operate correctly without constant IP address, with DNS server is probably the most notable among them. Unfortunately, configuring static IP address via web-based Azure Management Console is not available yet.
[ Here you can find brief explanation on how to install and configure Azure PowerShell, along with the some related links. ]
Several posts and articles with useful samples related to static IP addresses:
- Basic usage samples from MSDN
- Detailed samples with screenshots and best practices for use of static IPs (see also the first part of the article, which contains excellent overview of IP address management in Azure)
- PowerShell script to assign given static IP address to specific VM and verify it was really assigned
- Convert IP address of a VM to be a static IP address (scroll to the second example)
Here and in the samples below “MyVM” is the name of the virtual machine we want to update and “MyCloudService” is the name of the cloud service this VM belongs to.
Probably the most useful sample nowadays is one that shows how to take existing VM and set it to have a static IP address. Although most of the articles say you have to use an available (that is, free) IP address, you can use the same IP address that is already assigned to the specific VM. Also, pay attention that
Update-AzureVM cmdlet reboots the VM. Note that in the sample run below I’m configuring MyVM to the same IP address it already has. Of course, it makes sense to run the first part of the command alone first to make sure you are going to update the right VM.
Get-AzureVM -ServiceName MyCloudService -Name MyVM | Set-AzureStaticVNetIP -IPAddress 10.0.0.100 | Update-AzureVM
Another useful command is to check whether a VM already has a static IP address configured or not. For VMs with static IP address configured, this IP will be displayed, otherwise only the diagnostic output of the first part will be shown.
Get-AzureVM -ServiceName MyCloudService -Name MyVM | Get-AzureStaticVNetIP